There are three types of doctors who deal with people’s eyes. Every one of them plays an important role in treating people’s eyes. They differ in the education level they have. They are opticians, Optometrists, and ophthalmologists in Austin.
Who is an Optician?
An Optician is not an official eye doctor. They are not qualified to give eye examinations. They can only tell and fit the eyeglass lens and frames if the patient has any vision problem. They can not write prescriptions or treat any eye disease.
What does an Optometrist do?
In order to become an Optometrist, it takes four years of study in optometry school after the degree. They can perform tests on the eyes and can prescribe prescriptions. They are eligible to detect if there are any abnormalities with the eyes.
But they will not possess a medical degree instead they will have an Optometry degree which is an OD that is given after an optometry school.
What is an Ophthalmologist?
Along with all the things an Optometrist can do, the ophthalmologist can even perform medical surgery. They complete 12 to 13 years of their studies and have a medical degree and are eligible to perform surgery, unlike the remaining two types. Some of them are also involved in performing research on the causes and reasons of eye disease or disorders in the vision.
Subspecialties in the field of Ophthalmology
Here are some of the subspecialties that are there in the field of Ophthalmology and are performed by many ophthalmologists in Austin.
- Anterior Segment Surgery
- Cataracts and Refractive Surgery
- Cornea and External Disease
- Ocular OncologyOrbi Surgery
- Retinol Surgery
Education and Training to becoming Ophthalmologist
The education path of the ophthalmologists in Austin will be bachelor’s degree for 4 years. After completing the degree they will study in medical school for 4 years. Then they will do an internship for 1 year. They will do a residency in ophthalmology for 3 years.
Eye conditions that are treated by an ophthalmologist
There are various eye conditions and diseases that are treated by ophthalmologists.
- Amblyopia which is also called lazy eye
- Dry eye condition
- Macular Degeneration
- Refractive errors are generally called farsightedness and nearsightedness.
- Retinal detachment – This condition is when the retinol pulls away from the blood vessels.
When to actually go and consult an ophthalmologist?
It is better to contact an ophthalmologist whenever the patient is experiencing any one of the problems
- When the person has an eye infection or an eye injury
- When they experience severe eye pain
- When there is an increase in the floaters and flashes of light.
- If the eyes appear to be blurry, or when they see double shades they might have to consult an ophthalmologist.
- When there is a sudden loss in the vision. Even when they get back their vision after some time it is better to contact a doctor immediately.
Every adult if they have healthy eyes and eyesight should also visit and have examinations four times. Once in their 20’s, second time and third time in the ’30s and then in the age of ’40s. If the treatment for eye problems is done in the early stages they can protect the eyes from having eyesight issues.